What You Need to Know about Ebola Virus?

Posted By: benzer | November 26, 2014

A person infected with Ebola is not contagious until symptoms appear

A person infected with Ebola is not contagious until symptoms appear
The time from exposure to when signs or symptoms of the disease appear (the incubation period) is 2 to 21 days, but the average time is 8 to 10 days. Signs of Ebola include fever and symptoms like severe headache, fatigue, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, or unexplained bleeding or bruising.

Ebola is spread through direct contact with blood and body fluids
Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with

  • Blood and body fluids (like urine, feces, saliva, vomit, sweat, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola.
  • Objects (like needles) that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola.

Ebola is not spread through the air, water, or food.

Protect yourself against Ebola

There is no FDA-approved vaccine available for Ebola. Experimental vaccines and treatments for Ebola are under development, but they have not yet been fully tested for safety or effectiveness.

  • DO wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Do NOT touch the blood or body fluids (like urine, feces, saliva, vomit, sweat, and semen) of people who are sick.
  • Do NOT handle items that may have come in contact with a sick person’s blood or body fluids, like clothes, bedding, needles, or medical equipment.
  • Do NOT touch the body of someone who has died of Ebola.

What to do if you travel to an area with an Ebola outbreak
If you have traveled to an area with an Ebola outbreak, you may be at risk if you

  • Had direct contact with blood or body fluids or items that came into contact with blood or body fluids from a person with Ebola.
  • Touched bats or monkeys or blood, fluids, or raw meat prepared from these animals.
  • Went into facilities where Ebola patients were being treated and had close contact with the patients.
  • Touched the body of a person who died of Ebola.

After you return, check for signs and symptoms of Ebola for 21 days

  • You will be connected to a health department in your final destination.
  • A public health worker will ask you to take your temperature twice a day and watch for Ebola symptoms like severe headache, fatigue (feeling very tired), muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, or unexplained bleeding or bruising.

If you get sick with a fever or other Ebola symptoms

  • Get medical care right away.
  • Do NOT go out in public until you talk to a public health worker.
  • Do what your public health worker told you to do if you got sick.
  • If you are not able to speak with someone right away, call:

− Your state or local health department CDC (1-800-232-4636). 911 if it is a medical emergency and tell them you were in a country with Ebola

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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